Issues covered on other pages of this website:
Aboriginals and war: Issues
● Anzac or
Anzac Day Clash
● Gallipoli 2015: Issues
have been awarded the Victoria Cross?
● Women in war
Is the Anzac story a myth?
Fact or fiction: 5 common Anzac myths put to the test (abc.net.au)
Did the Anzacs land in the wrong place? Were
the British to blame for the failed landing? Were the Anzacs natural
athletic soldiers? Did Simpson save lives with his donkey? Did the "drip
rifle" enable a safe evacuation to take place?
The making of the Anzac Myth
(archived from abc.net.au)
Lateline, 23 April 2001
Transcript of an ABC Lateline program.
What lies beneath a national legend (theaustralian.com.au)
of what we commemorate on Anzac Day is a journalist's construct."
Christopher Bantick argues that much of what you read and have been taught
about the Anzacs is a myth.
How much of the Anzac legend is truth and how
much is a myth? (sbs.com.au)
Author Peter FitzSimons says the Australian
identity arose out of Gallipoli, but researcher Caroline Holbrook says
Australia bevcame a nation at Federation in 1901.
The meaning of Anzac Day
From On Line Opinion, "Australia's e-journal of social
and political debate".
Examines the issues raised in What's Wrong with Anzac
(see above two items) and concludes: "...
regardless of the importance of Australian wartime stories, we
should take seriously claims by Marilyn Lake and others of a
“militarisation” of Australian history."
The first casualty
The Australian, 24 April 2010
Newspaper article and review of several books by Paul Ham:
The Australian, 24 April 2010.
"I chose the
books under review on the occasion of the 95th anniversary of
Gallipoli because they tell us things we may not -- or prefer not to
-- know about Australians at war."
Review by Bill Gammage [pdf] (archived at nla.gov.au/openpublish)
Review of a book by Jenny
Macleod in which she compares the British and Australian views of Gallipoli
- 'the myth of Gallipoli in Britain, and the legend of Anzac in Australia'.
Charge of the rewrite brigade (battleforaustralia.org)
Also titled Dr Peter Stanley speaks about Gallipoli myths.
Reproduction of an article by Jonathan King in The Australian, with added
highlighting in bold to support the argument that the Anzac legend is a myth
Gallipoli - legend versus
- scroll well down)
Scroll well down to the sub-heading Gallipoli
- legend versus reality. (Note that many links are not accessible as this material
was produced for users of the Parliamentary Library computer facilities.)
(If the web page is unavailable, you can
find the information under "Gallipoli - legend versus myth" in the archived pdf file:
Anzac Day Kit [pdf,
● See also
Negative side of the legend (next
Negative side of the legend
Beyond the Legend of Anzac
ABC Hindsight program:
"Professor Marilyn Lake explores whether the Anzac
legend as a foundation story for the birth of the Australian nation has run
its course." Audio and transcript
provided. (The book What's Wrong with Anzac? The Militarisation of
Australia's History by Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds with Mark
McKenna and Joy Diamond is
Pride in the past isn't necessarily a lost cause (The Australian, 24
April 2010), and
History (ABC's The Drum Unleashed, 23 April 2010).
Also see the
following related item.
Myths and Legends (archived
from SMH, 25 April 2010)
We must fight free of Anzac, lest we forget our other stories
The Age, 24 April 2009.
"Australia's identity shouldn't be built on deaths in
Also see the above related item, "Beyond the Legend of Anzac").
● See also
Is the Anzac story a myth (previous section, above).
Peace, not war
It's also brave to stand for peace (news.com.au)
History teacher Peter Jones writes about pacifists'
opposition to war in general, and their strong support for the development
of international bodies to settle disputes between countries instead of
going to war. He also points out that the Gallipoli story would not be
recalled with pride by Australians if it had involved the even worse horrors
of trench warfare that other soldiers suffered on the Western Front.
What young Australians think about Anzac Day (abc.net.au)
25 Apr 2019
Five young people (at least, people aged
in their twenties) give their views on Anzac Day:
- It hides Aboriginal
- It allows us to pay respect to our soldiers.
- It is now a
glorification of war.
- It is a time to appreciate the role of the
- It is an opportunity to think about the individuals
involved in war rather than the military itself.
FOR SENIOR AND TERTIARY STUDENTS:
on Anzac Day (theconversation.com)
articles on Anzac Day and the Anzac tradition written by academics but
designed to be read by the general population.
Dollars fly in Anzac report debacle (heraldsun.com.au)
Herald-Sun, 26 March 2012
A second report on the Anzac centenary says that multicultural people were
not consulted for the first report.
Gallipoli anniversary could divide Australia (heraldsun.com.au)
Herald-Sun, 26 March 2012
A report has warned the Federal Government that celebrating the Anzac Day
centenary could provoke opposition from people of some cultures and divide
Stay true to unifying Anzac spirit (heraldsun.com.au)
Herald-Sun (Editorial), 26 March 2012
This editorial from the Herald-Sun, on the prospect of Anzac Day
centenary celebrations being divisive, argues that the tradition of Anzac is
to unify Australians, not divide them.
FOR SENIOR STUDENTS
In remembering Anzac Day,
what do we forget? (theconversation.com)
To what extent does the Anzac legend of today
ignore or over-emphasise multiculturalism and a diverse Australia?
from Anzac Day
'Brandzac Day': Historian criticises 'new low in the commercialisation of
Anzac' (abc.net.au) 20 Apr 2015
Some retailers now stock up on Anzac-themed products
in the same way they do for Easter and Christmas.
- story includes an embedded link to video of a relevant
7.30 (ABC) segment (which includes a sexualised T-shirt image).
takes down Anzac 'Fresh in our Memories' website after social media backlash
(abc.net.au) 20 Apr 2015
Supermarket chain Woolworths, which promotes itself as "The
fresh food people", has abruptly removed an online picture generator that
placed the words "Fresh in our memories", the Woolworths logo and the word
"Anzac" on uploaded images of soldiers (and anyone else).
Woolworths did not have permission to use the word 'Anzac', says Minister
(abc.net.au) 15 Apr 2015
Minister for Veterans' Affairs Michael Ronaldson says the
'Anzac' campaign by Woolworths was inappropriate.
Target removes Camp Gallipoli products from sale (news.com.au)
18 Apr 2015
Retail chain Target has been required to remove from sale an
"Anzac spirit" drink can holder, a beanie and a child's hoodie from its
product range because these items "inappropriately" used the word "Anzac".
Even Australia Post has been marketing Gallipoli-themed souvenirs.
The cynical selling of the Anzac tradition (Editorial) (theage.com.au)
18 Apr 2015
The Anzac tradition appears to have been embraced by many businesses as a
marketing opportunity, using the theme to sell teddy bears, sweatshirts,
rosemary-scented candles, beer and other products.
Gallipoli 2015: Lest we forget to turn a buck (Opinion) (abc.net.au)
16 Apr 2015
The body of the text includes many links to examples of
commercialisation of the Anzac tradition, including a link to a beer
promotion. It is followed by an extensive collection of reader comments.
● See also
Applications to use the word 'Anzac'
● See also
'Gallipoli fatigue' causes poor ratings for WW1 TV shows (abc.net.au)
24 Apr 2015
The blanket and commercialised coverage of Anzac centenary
commemorations appears to be creating a negative reaction in many people,
yet we are seeing record numbers attending Anzac events.
commemorations risk loving Gallipoli to death (bbc.com)
24 Apr 2015
Australians are facing 'Anzac fatigue', and the heavy pilgrimages to
Gallipoli could contribute to a deterioration of the very landscape
Australians revere. One historian likens the recent commemorations to a
Shifting demography leading to 'commemoration fatigue' (afr.com)
23 Apr 2015
With increasing Anzac news and other media coverage,
decreasing numbers of people who personally knew their Gallipoli veteran
relatives and increasing numbers of immigrants with no connection at all, a
'commemoration fatigue appears to be developing in Australia. [If this
link becomes inaccessible, please send us an email to let us know.]
● See also Focus on
Gallipoli, below, above
Western Front heroics lost in Gallipoli myth (theage.com.au)
11 Nov 2013
The focus on the story of the defeat at Gallipoli comes at the expense of
recognising the achievements by Australians at the Western Front.
● See also Commemoration
The Aboriginal group Frontier Wars was allowed to participate in the 2019
Hobart Anzac Day march but the local acting RSL president says it would not
be appropriate for them to participate in future marches.
A VC for Simpson?
Should Simpson be awarded the Victoria Cross?
Simpson and his Donkey
The revitalisation of Anzac Day (bbc.co.uk/blogs)
The politicisation of, and changing focus on and support for
Why Anzac Day works as our unofficial national day (smh.com.au)
The changing focus of Anzac Day has allowed it to become our unofficial
national day, writes Bruce Grant.
Children in marches
Anzac Kids - participation of children in marches
Behind The News
A Behind the News report on the issue of young people participating in Anzac
Day marches. Contains video, transcript, activities sheet (Original Word
http://www.abc.net.au/btn/resources/teacher/weekly/20100316-anzackids.doc apparently unavailable but try
this one) .
Holding a flag debate on Anzac Day
25 April 2010.
Itís time for parents to have their say on the national curriculum (theconversation.com)
The Conversation, 16 Jan 2014
Points out where Anzac Day is explicitly covered in the
Stop tinkering with school history, and start teaching it (theconversation.com)
The Conversation, 3 Jan 2014
Agreeing to politicians' calls for greater emphasis on
teaching the Anzac tradition will lead to reduced freedom for students to
question the historical record and its interpretation, and therefore to
reduced engagement with their history lessons, an academic argues.
Students losing Anzac knowledge (news.com.au)
news.com.au, 24 Apr 2013
Australian schools are teaching fewer lessons about the
country's involvement in past wars, teachers warn.
Gallipoli and WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks has Anzac ancestor (smh.com.au)
Sydney Morning Herald, 9 December 2010
The article points out that a writing effort of Sir Keith Murdoch's contained errors and
was the last Anzac?
Last Anzacs: What kinds were there?
See the box which lists seven soldiers. Alec Campbell is
generally regarded as the "last Anzac". But that depends on how you define
ANZAC Day - Talking about war with children (planningwithkids.com)
Anzac Day is an appropriate time to discuss war with
children. A Behind the News handout on discussions with children on war and
violence in the news make a number of useful points.
Dealing with war and conflict in the media [doc] (archived
might need to right-click on this link and save the document first, before
opening it in Microsoft Word.)
A succinct Behind the News (BTN) document to assist teachers and parents
in discussing war and conflict with children. Although the four links at the
end of the document are now out of date, this is a very useful document.
Talking with children about war and violence in the world (teachervision.fen.com)
Lists and examines 32 aspects of discussing war and
violence with children.
and Anzac Day
is it just for the boys? (anzac.unimelb.edu.au)
The wartime roles and contributions of women have not been
recognised on all Anzac Days.
FOR SENIOR STUDENTS
Women and Anzac Day in Western Australia:
newspaper representation in the 1960s [pdf] (tasa.org.au)
Academic paper presented to a sociology conference. Analyses the
representation of women in Anzac Day commemorations.
● our Women in war
is Anzac Day about?
Anzac Day is about their deaths, not our lives (abc.net.au)
The Drum, ABC, 25 April 2012
Jonathan Green expresses his views on the intriguing gap
between the trumpeted values of the modern Anzac Day and the down-to-earth
values of the Gallipoli diggers themselves. Our feeling for the actual
suffering of those diggers is fading in comparison to the convenient uses
being made of the commemoration of their day.
Healing histories (theage.com.au)
The mental illness suffered by many World War 1 veterans was
ignored and even denied by the authorities. Professor Alistair Thomson has
written about his grandfather, Hector Thomson, who was a soldier in the
Light Horse during World War 1. In the second edition of his book,
Anzac Memories, Professor Thomson expands the discussion of the
mental illness suffered by his grandfather.
NZ anthem in Qld
Queensland school Anzac ceremonies may play New Zealand anthem (news.com.au)
11 Jan 2010
Queensland schools are being told they may play the New
Zealand national anthem as part of their Anzac Day ceremonies.
and NZ to sing each other's anthems? (nzherald.co.nz)
11 Jan 2010
Premier Anna Bligh is asking Queensland principals to play
God Defend New Zealand at Anzac Day ceremonies. Schools can choose to
sing the anthem as well.
God Save the Queen dropped
God Save The Queen dropped from Anzac Day service (abc.net.au)
ABC News, 13 April 2010
Was dropping God
Save the Queen from Melbourne's Anzac Day dawn service disrespectful to
Australia's wartime past?
New Zealand: the other half of the Anzac legend (theconversation.com)
7 August 2014
Zealanders and Australians have different approaches in acknowledging Anzac
Anzac Day a religion?
How Anzac Day came to occupy a sacred place
in Australians' hearts
25 April 2017
Anzac Day apears to have grown beyond a
tradition and a legend to become an alternative secular religion in
Aboriginals and war
Aboriginals in war: Issues
● Is it Anzac or
● The role of women in war
Anzac Day Clash (football