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Issues related to Anzac Day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issues

Anzac Day controversies or disagreements on this page:

The NEGATIVE side of the Anzac story - is the Anzac story a MYTH?

Anzac Day and MULTICULTURALISM

ISSUES generally

The FOCUS of Anzac Day

CHILDREN participating in Anzac Day MARCHES

DISCUSSING war with CHILDREN

WOMEN and Anzac Day

The FLAG debate and Anzac Day

Anzac history in the school CURRICULUM

Gallipoli, Sir Keith Murdoch and WIKILEAKS

Who was the LAST ANZAC?

What is Anzac Day ABOUT?

The MENTAL ILLNESS suffered by many Anzacs was deliberately ignored

Too much attention to GALLIPOLI?

COMMERCIALISATION: Profiting from Anzac Day

Commemoration FATIGUE

"Outrage" over New Zealand anthem being played in Queensland schools
God Save the Queen dropped



 

 

Issues covered on other pages of this website:

Aboriginals and war: Issues
Anzac biscuits
Anzac or ANZAC?
Anzac Centenary: Issues
Anzac Day Clash
Gallipoli 2015: Issues
Simpson: Should he have been awarded the Victoria Cross?
Women in war

 

Negative side of the legend. Is it a myth? Beyond the Legend of Anzac (abc.net.au)
Hindsight
ABC Hindsight program: "
Professor Marilyn Lake explores whether the Anzac legend as a foundation story for the birth of the Australian nation has run its course." Audio and transcript provided. (The book What's Wrong with Anzac? The Militarisation of Australia's History by Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds with Mark McKenna and Joy Diamond is available commercially.)
See also:
- Myths and Legends (SMH, 25 April 2010)
- Pride in the past isn't necessarily a lost cause (The Australian, 24 April 2010), and
- Evolving History (ABC's The Drum Unleashed, 23 April 2010).

Also see the following related item.


We must fight free of Anzac, lest we forget our other stories
(theage.com.au)
The Age, 24 April 2009.
"Australia's identity shouldn't be built on deaths in foreign fields."
Also see the above related item, "Beyond the Legend of Anzac").

The making of the Anzac Myth (abc.net.au)
Lateline, 23 April 2001
Transcript of an ABC Lateline program.


What lies beneath a national legend (theaustralian.com.au)
"
Much of what we commemorate on Anzac Day is a journalist's construct." Christopher Bantick argues that much of what you read and have been taught about the Anzacs is a myth.

The meaning of Anzac Day (onlineopinion.com)

From On Line Opinion, "Australia's e-journal of social and political debate".
Examines the issues raised in What's Wrong with Anzac (see above two items) and concludes: "
... regardless of the importance of Australian wartime stories, we should take seriously claims by Marilyn Lake and others of a “militarisation” of Australian history."

The first casualty (theaustralian.com.au)
The Australian, 24 April 2010
Newspaper article and review of several books by Paul Ham: The Australian, 24 April 2010.
"
I chose the books under review on the occasion of the 95th anniversary of Gallipoli because they tell us things we may not -- or prefer not to -- know about Australians at war."

Negatives of the legend (Skwirk.com.au Interactive Schooling)
- "it is not widely known that people argue that there are negative implications and repercussions of the legend itself..."
(Note that this is a commercial site which requires paid membership for access to illustrations and additional information.) For a dot-point summary, see Gallipoli and the ANZACs Chapter 4: Negatives of the legend.

Reconsidering Gallipoli: Review by Bill Gammage [pdf] (nla.gov.au/openpublish)
Review of a book by Jenny Macleod in which she compares the British and Australian views of Gallipoli - 'the myth of Gallipoli in Britain, and the legend of Anzac in Australia'.

Charge of the rewrite brigade (battleforaustralia.org)
Also titled Dr Peter Stanley speaks about Gallipoli myths.
Reproduction of an article by Jonathan King in The Australian, with added highlighting in bold to support the argument that the Anzac legend is a myth

Gallipoli - legend versus reality (aph.gov.au - scroll well down)
Scroll well down to the sub-heading Gallipoli - legend versus reality. (Note that many links are not accessible as this material was produced for users of the Parliamentary Library computer facilities.)
(If the web page is unavailable, you can find the information under "Gallipoli - legend versus myth" in the archived pdf file: Anzac Day Kit [pdf, 3.9MB].)
 
Peace, not war It's also brave to stand for peace (news.com.au)
History teacher Peter Jones writes about pacifists' opposition to war in general, and their strong support for the development of international bodies to settle disputes between countries instead of going to war. He also points out that the Gallipoli story would not be recalled with pride by Australians if it had involved the even worse horrors of trench warfare that other soldiers suffered on the Western Front.
 
Issues generally Anzac Day: the commemoration (Skwirk.com.au Interactive Schooling)
Scroll down to Anzac Day in current times. (The site is a commercial site that requires membership to access further material.) For a dot-point summary, see Gallipoli and the ANZACs Chapter 5: The commemoration.
 
Anzac Day and multi-culturalism Dollars fly in Anzac report debacle (heraldsun.com.au)
Herald-Sun, 26 March 2012
A second report on the Anzac centenary says that multicultural people were not consulted for the first report.

Gallipoli anniversary could divide Australia (heraldsun.com.au)
Herald-Sun, 26 March 2012
A report has warned the Federal Government that celebrating the Anzac Day centenary could provoke opposition from people of some cultures and divide multicultural Australia.

Stay true to unifying Anzac spirit (heraldsun.com.au)
Herald-Sun (Editorial), 26 March 2012
This editorial from the Herald-Sun, on the prospect of Anzac Day centenary celebrations being divisive, argues that the tradition of Anzac is to unify Australians, not divide them.
 
Profiting from Anzac Day 'Brandzac Day': Historian criticises 'new low in the commercialisation of Anzac' (abc.net.au) 20 Apr 2015
Some retailers now stock up on Anzac-themed products in the same way they do for Easter and Christmas.
- story includes an embedded link to video of a relevant 7.30 (ABC) segment (which includes a sexualised T-shirt image).

Woolworths poster: ANZAC 1915-2015 Fresh in our memoriesWoolworths takes down Anzac 'Fresh in our Memories' website after social media backlash (abc.net.au) 20 Apr 2015
Supermarket chain Woolworths, which promotes itself as "The fresh food people", has abruptly removed an online picture generator that placed the words "Fresh in our memories", the Woolworths logo and the word "Anzac" on uploaded images of soldiers (and anyone else).

Woolworths did not have permission to use the word 'Anzac', says Minister (abc.net.au) 15 Apr 2015  
Minister for Veterans' Affairs Michael Ronaldson says the 'Anzac' campaign by Woolworths was inappropriate.
 

Target removes Camp Gallipoli products from sale (news.com.au) 18 Apr 2015
Retail chain Target has been required to remove from sale an "Anzac spirit" drink can holder, a beanie and a child's hoodie from its product range because these items "inappropriately" used the word "Anzac". Even Australia Post has been marketing Gallipoli-themed souvenirs.

The cynical selling of the Anzac tradition (Editorial) (theage.com.au) 18 Apr 2015
The Anzac tradition appears to have been embraced by many businesses as a marketing opportunity, using the theme to sell teddy bears, sweatshirts, rosemary-scented candles, beer and other products.


Gallipoli 2015: Lest we forget to turn a buck (Opinion) (abc.net.au) 16 Apr 2015
The body of the text includes many links to examples of commercialisation of the Anzac tradition, including a link to a beer promotion. It is followed by an extensive collection of reader comments.

● See also Applications to use the word 'Anzac' (gallipoli.gov.au).
● See also our Anzac Biscuits issues
section.
 

Commemoration fatigue 'Gallipoli fatigue' causes poor ratings for WW1 TV shows (abc.net.au) 24 Apr 2015
The blanket and commercialised coverage of Anzac centenary commemorations appears to be creating a negative reaction in many people, yet we are seeing record numbers attending Anzac events.

Australia's commemorations risk loving Gallipoli to death (bbc.com) 24 Apr 2015
Australians are facing 'Anzac fatigue', and the heavy pilgrimages to Gallipoli could contribute to a deterioration of the very landscape Australians revere. One historian likens the recent commemorations to a 'military Halloween'.

Shifting demography leading to 'commemoration fatigue' (afr.com) 23 Apr 2015
With increasing Anzac news and other media coverage, decreasing numbers of people who personally knew their Gallipoli veteran relatives and increasing numbers of immigrants with no connection at all, a 'commemoration fatigue appears to be developing in Australia. [If this link becomes inaccessible, please send us an email to let us know.]

● See also Focus on Gallipoli, below, above
 
Focus on Gallipoli
 
Western Front heroics lost in Gallipoli myth (theage.com.au) 11 Nov 2013
The focus on the story of the defeat at Gallipoli comes at the expense of recognising the achievements by Australians at the Western Front.

● See also Commemoration fatigue, above
 
A VC for Simpson? Should Simpson be awarded the Victoria Cross?
See our Simpson and his Donkey page
Focus of Anzac Day The revitalisation of Anzac Day (bbc.co.uk/blogs)
The politicisation of, and changing focus on and support for Anzac Day.

Why Anzac Day works as our unofficial national day (smh.com.au)
The changing focus of Anzac Day has allowed it to become our unofficial national day, writes Bruce Grant.
 
Children in marches Anzac Kids - participation of children in marches (abc.net.au)
Behind The News
A Behind the News report on the issue of young people participating in Anzac Day marches. Contains video, transcript, activities sheet (Original Word document at
http://www.abc.net.au/btn/resources/teacher/weekly/20100316-anzackids.doc apparently unavailable but try this one) .
Flag debate Holding a flag debate on Anzac Day
news.com.au, 25 April 2010.


 
 

Anzac Kids 

 

Curriculum Itís time for parents to have their say on the national curriculum (theconversation.com)
The Conversation, 16 Jan 2014
Points out where Anzac Day is explicitly covered in the Australian Curriculum.

Stop tinkering with school history, and start teaching it (theconversation.com)
The Conversation, 3 Jan 2014
Agreeing to politicians' calls for greater emphasis on teaching the Anzac tradition will lead to reduced freedom for students to question the historical record and its interpretation, and therefore to reduced engagement with their history lessons, an academic argues.

Students losing Anzac knowledge (news.com.au)
news.com.au, 24 Apr 2013
Australian schools are teaching fewer lessons about the country's involvement in past wars, teachers warn.

Curriculum includes controversial views on memorials (heraldsun.com.au)
HeraldSun, 26 October 2010
"The history of Gallipoli and the sacrifices of Australian soldiers have become mired in a row over the new national curriculum..."
 
Gallipoli and WikiLeaks The truth will always win (blogs.theaustralian.news.com.au)
The Australian, 7 December 2010
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange compares his exposure of government communications with Sir Keith Murdoch revealing that Australian troops had died at Gallipoli as a result of incompetent British leadership.

WikiLeaks has Anzac ancestor (smh.com.au)
Sydney Morning Herald, 9 December 2010
Points out that a writing effort of Sir Keith Murdoch's contained errors and worse.
.
Who was the last Anzac? Last Anzacs: What kinds were there? (anzacwebsites.com)
See the box which lists seven soldiers. Alec Campbell is generally regarded as the "last Anzac". But that depends on how you define "last Anzac".
 
Discussing war with children ANZAC Day - Talking about war with children (planningwithkids.com)
Anzac Day is an appropriate time to discuss war with children. A Behind the News handout on discussions with children on war and violence in the news make a number of useful points.

Dealing with war and conflict in the media [doc] (abc.net.au)
Behind the News (BTN) document to assist teachers and parents in discussing war and conflict with children.

Talking with children about war and violence in the world (teachervision.fen.com)
Lists and examines 32 aspects of discussing war and violence with children.
 
Women and Anzac Day Women and Anzac Day in Western Australia: newspaper representation in the 1960s [pdf] (tasa.org.au)
Academic paper presented to a sociology conference. Analyses the representation of women in Anzac Day commemorations.
What is Anzac Day about? OPINION
Anzac Day is about their deaths, not our lives (abc.net.au)
The Drum, ABC, 25 April 2012
Jonathan Green expresses his views on the intriguing gap between the trumpeted values of the modern Anzac Day and the down-to-earth values of the Gallipoli diggers themselves. Our feeling for the actual suffering of those diggers is fading in comparison to the convenient uses being made of the commemoration of their day.
 
Mental illness Healing histories (theage.com.au)
The mental illness suffered by many World War 1 veterans was ignored and even denied by the authorities. Professor Alistair Thomson has written about his grandfather, Hector Thomson, who was a soldier in the Light Horse during World War 1. In the second edition of his book, Anzac Memories, Professor Thomson expands the discussion of the mental illness suffered by his grandfather.
 
NZ anthem in Qld Queensland school Anzac ceremonies may play New Zealand anthem (news.com.au) 11 Jan 2010
Queensland schools are being told they may play the New Zealand national anthem as part of their Anzac Day ceremonies.
And then:
Anna Bligh defended over New Zealand anthem on Anzac Day (couriermail.com.au) 15 Jan 2010
The report points out that the New Zealand anthem has been played since 2005 and claims the recent message to schools promoting the anthem had caused "public outrage".
God Save the Queen dropped God Save The Queen dropped from Anzac Day service (abc.net.au)
ABC News, 13 April 2010
Was dropping God Save the Queen from Melbourne's Anzac Day dawn service disrespectful to Australia's wartime past?
 

See also:

Anzac Day news

Aboriginals and war

Aboriginals in war: Issues

Is it Anzac or ANZAC?

The role of women in war

Anzac Day Clash ( football match)

 


 

 

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