Women in war
, previously at Women in action - nurses and serving women
- Australian nursing services
- World War 1
- Women's service organisations
- World War 2
- Post World War 2
- Recognising Australian women's war efforts
, previously at
Women in wartime
Women and war trail (pictureaustralia.org)
nurses' experience of Gallipoli from their letters (anzacsite.gov.au)
Stories of nurses supporting the Gallioplli campaign,
including photographs taken on Lemnos Island.
Australian nurses during World War 1.
Women's role and place (anzacday.org.au)
World War 1 significantly increased the role of women in
supporting wartime activities.
Anzac Memories: The Letters of Francis James Mack
Corporal Francis James Mack died in France in 1918, aged 20
years. Note the observation on the change in the role of women made in the
first paragraph of the letter written home from England on 27 January 1917:
"...girls doing all sorts of jobs... to put it plainly, girls are doing
Casualty Clearance: The WW1 Nurses (anzacday.org.au)
Women's services in World War 2 (anzacday.org.au)
"Comparing image and reality in the WAAAF." The
activity overview lists six components involving investigation:
the image presented, involving
- the reality: the reasons some women DID
join the WAAF
- the reality: why some women
DID NOT join the WAAAF
what women did
what women did and were paid
: questions on an extract of the story of Judy
One WAAAF remembers
The roles of women in the war (Skwirk.com.au Interactive Schooling)
The emotional burden, women's place in society, charity and
fundraising activities, children's roles, the working class, women and
propaganda. (Note that this is a commercial site which requires paid
membership for further information and access to illustrations.) For a
dot-point summary, see
Women and the war Chapter 1: The roles of women in the war.
Development of the Women's Services in the Australian Defence Force
(Army Museum of South Australia) [pdf file]
By Mary Bryant and Matt Walsh.
( If the link isn't working, try
Internet Archive version, then right-click "Impatient?" and open in new
Willingly into the Fray:
launch speech (defence.gov.au)
by Catherine McCullagh
tells the personal stories of 65 Australian Army nurses since 1899. Willingly into the Fray
Women in the Australian military (en.wikipedia.org)
A history of the participation of women in the Australian
military, plus the story and issues relating to integration.
History of women in war
Nurses: from Zululand
to Afghanisatan (awm.gov.au)
The history of Australian nurses in war corresponds with the history of
women in war the further back you go. Note that this collection from the
Australian War Memorial covers seven pages:
- Main page
- Boer War
- Great War (First
- Second World War
- Cold War
- Military nursing
Of Love and War
Many women suffered separation and personal loss during war, and some gained
relationships, as covered in this Australian war memorial collection:
- Stories of Love
and War (information about a book with this title)
Profiles of women
in War (womenaustralia.info)
biographies of 184 individual women
- Browse directly or indirectly 33
organisations supporting women in war
Captain Vivian Bullwinkel
Vivian Bullwinkel belonged to the Australian Army Nursing
Service and was the sole survivor of the Banka Island massacre in 1942.
During World War 1, Australian nurse Alice Cashin
first worked in a hospital in France. After joining the army's
nursing service reserve she took charge of a ward in a hospital
in Egypt and later she survived a torpedo attack on a hospital
Phoebe Chapple (awm.gov.au)
During World War 1 Phoebe Chapple joined the
army medical corps and was one of the first two women doctors to
serve at the front. She was the first woman doctor to receive a
Military Medal (MM).
Activities for students
Australian Women in War
[Very big pdf file, 24MB] (dva.gov.au)
Warning: this pdf file is a very large 24MB in size.
DVA Education Resources page lets you download individual units:
Introduction for Teachers
Unit 1: Australian Women in the Second South African Anglo-Boer War
Unit 2: Australian Women in World War I (1914-1918)
Unit 3: Australian Women in World War II (1939-1945)
Unit 4: Australian Women in British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF) and
the Korean War (1946-1953)
Unit 5: Australian Women in the Vietnam War (1962-1973)
Unit 6: Australian Women in the Australian Defence Force and in Peace
Operations (1947 – Today)
Unit 7: Australian Women and Commemoration
Women at War: The changing role of women in times of conflict [pdf file]
Part of Working the Web. INTERACTIVE ACTIVITIES
Women in War
Australian Women and Commemoration
Women in the Australian Defence Force: Do they have an equal role to men?
background to this activity.
Scenes in an Anzac Hostel (1919) (aso.gov.au)
Two-minute movie clip from 1919 showing nurses attending
bed-ridden former Anzac soldiers.
Zululand to Afghanistan - videos (awm.gov.au)
This web page includes two videos.
Women in Australia's military: On the frontline of the gender war (theconversation.edu.au)
This contribution argues the case for active participation of
women in all military activities.
Women and Anzac Day in Western Australia: newspaper representation in the
1960s [pdf] (tasa.org.au/conferences/conferencepapers09)
Paper presented to a sociology conference. Analyses the
representation of women in Anzac Day commemorations using newspaper reports.
Heroic Australian Women in War (susannadevries.com)
By Susanna de Vries. Tells the stories of eleven women.
Lists of links
Women in wartime (australia.gov.au)
Scroll down for a list of print references.
Lighthouse Girl in
Nursing, Lemnos Island, off Gallipoli, 1915
Sick nurses, Lemnos Island, off Gallipoli, 1915
Photos from State Library of NSW.
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