Resources for Anzac Day lessons

 

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Women in wartime

See also

The role of women in war

 

 

 

Women in war Women in action - nurses and serving women (australia.gov.au, previously at cultureandrecreation.gov.au)
- Australian nursing services
- World War 1
- Women's service organisations
- World War 2
- Post World War 2
- Recognising Australian women's war efforts


Women in wartime (australia.gov.au
, previously at cultureandrecreation.gov.au)


The nurses' experience of Gallipoli from their letters (anzacsite.gov.au)
Stories of nurses supporting the Gallioplli campaign, including photographs taken on Lemnos Island.

Nurses' stories (anzacsite.gov.au)
Australian nurses during World War 1.

The Nurses (anzacday.org.au)

Women's role and place (anzacday.org.au)
World War 1 significantly increased the role of women in supporting wartime activities.

Anzac Memories: The Letters of Francis James Mack (worldwar1.com)
Corporal Francis James Mack died in France in 1918, aged 20 years. Note the observation on the change in the role of women made in the first paragraph of the letter written home from England on 27 January 1917: "...girls doing all sorts of jobs... to put it plainly, girls are doing everything."

Casualty Clearance: The WW1 Nurses (anzacday.org.au)

Women's services in World War 2 (anzacday.org.au)
"Comparing image and reality in the WAAAF." The activity overview lists six components involving investigation:
- the image presented, involving advertisements
- the reality: the reasons some women DID join the WAAF
- the reality: why some women DID NOT join the WAAAF
- what women did

- what women did and were paid
- One WAAAF remembers: questions on an extract of the story of Judy Stone


The roles of women in the war (Skwirk.com.au Interactive Schooling)
The emotional burden, women's place in society, charity and fundraising activities, children's roles, the working class, women and propaganda. (Note that this is a commercial site which requires paid membership for further information and access to illustrations.) For a dot-point summary, see Women and the war Chapter 1: The roles of women in the war.

Development of the Women's Services in the Australian Defence Force (Army Museum of South Australia) [pdf file]
By Mary Bryant and Matt Walsh.
(
If the link isn't working, try Internet Archive version, then right-click "Impatient?" and open in new tab.)

Willingly into the Fray: launch speech (defence.gov.au)
Willingly into the Fray by Catherine McCullagh tells the personal stories of 65 Australian Army nurses since 1899.

Women in the Australian military (en.wikipedia.org)
A history of the participation of women in the Australian military, plus the story and issues relating to integration.
 

History of women in war Nurses: from Zululand to Afghanisatan (awm.gov.au)
The history of Australian nurses in war corresponds with the history of women in war the further back you go. Note that this collection from the Australian War Memorial covers seven pages:
- Main page
- Introduction
- Boer War
- Great War (First World War)
- Second World War
- Cold War
- Military nursing today
 
Relation-ships Of Love and War (awm.gov.au)
Many women suffered separation and personal loss during war, and some gained relationships, as covered in this Australian war memorial collection:
- Introduction
- First glance
- Separation
- The future
- Stories of Love and War (information about a book with this title) - link not working 6 Aug 2014
 
Profiles of women

Australian Women in War (womenaustralia.info)
- About this project
- Browse biographies of 184 individual women
- Browse 33 organisations supporting women in war directly or indirectly
- Browse commemorations
- Browse
more online resources

 

Evelyn Gertrude Brooke (nzhistory.net.nz)
New Zealand nurse.

Brooke, Evelyn Gertrude (teara.govt.nz)
Biography of Evelyn (Eva) Gertrude Brooke, civilian and military nurse.

● See also our entry for Evelyn Gertrude Brooke on our New Zealand biography page

 

Captain Vivian Bullwinkel (awm.gov.au)
Vivian Bullwinkel belonged to the Australian Army Nursing Service and was the sole survivor of the Banka Island massacre in 1942.

 

Alice Cashin (adb.anu.edu.au/biography)
During World War 1, Australian nurse Alice Cashin first worked in a hospital in France. After joining the army's nursing service reserve she took charge of a ward in a hospital in Egypt and later she survived a torpedo attack on a hospital ship.

 

Dr Phoebe Chapple (awm.gov.au)
During World War 1 Phoebe Chapple joined the army medical corps and was one of the first two women doctors to serve at the front. She was the first woman doctor to receive a Military Medal (MM).


 

 

 

Activities for students Australian Women in War [Very big pdf file, 24MB] (dva.gov.au)
Warning: this pdf file is a very large 24MB in size. Alternatively, the DVA Education Resources page lets you download individual units:
- Introduction for Teachers
- Unit 1: Australian Women in the Second South African Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902)
- Unit 2: Australian Women in World War I (1914-1918)
- Unit 3: Australian Women in World War II (1939-1945)
- Unit 4: Australian Women in British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF) and the Korean War (1946-1953)
- Unit 5: Australian Women in the Vietnam War (1962-1973)
- Unit 6: Australian Women in the Australian Defence Force and in Peace Operations (1947 Today)
-
Unit 7: Australian Women and Commemoration

Women at War: The changing role of women in times of conflict [pdf file] (dva.gov.au)
Part of Working the Web.

INTERACTIVE ACTIVITIES
Women in War (anzacday.org.au)

Unit 7: Australian Women and Commemoration

Women in the Australian Defence Force: Do they have an equal role to men? [pdf] (anzacday.org.au)
See background to this activity.
 

Videos Scenes in an Anzac Hostel (1919) (aso.gov.au)
Two-minute movie clip from 1919 showing nurses attending bed-ridden former Anzac soldiers.

Nurses: from Zululand to Afghanistan - videos (awm.gov.au)
This web page includes two videos.

 
Issues Women in Australia's military: On the frontline of the gender war (theconversation.edu.au)
This contribution argues the case for active participation of women in all military activities.
 
Academic paper Women and Anzac Day in Western Australia: newspaper representation in the 1960s [pdf] (tasa.org.au/conferences/conferencepapers09)
Paper presented to a sociology conference. Analyses the representation of women in Anzac Day commemorations using newspaper reports.
 
Books Heroic Australian Women in War (susannadevries.com)
By Susanna de Vries. Tells the stories of eleven women.

The Other Anzacs: Author's comments (youtube.com)
Peter Rees, author of The Other Anzacs: Nurses at War 1914-1918, provides some introductory comments about his book about the participation of nurses in World War 1.
See also:
Transcript of ABC Stateline interview with Peter Rees on his book, The Other Anzacs.

 
Lists of links Women in wartime (australia.gov.au)
Scroll down for a list of print references.
MORE... See also:
 

Lighthouse Girl in Books: Anzac Fiction

Gallipoli letters

Anzac issues
 



Nursing, Lemnos Island, off Gallipoli, 1915
 


Sick nurses, Lemnos Island, off Gallipoli, 1915

Photos from State Library of NSW.

 

 

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