Resources for Anzac Day lessons

 

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Anzac spirit and legend

See also

The Anzac spirit and the Anzac legend
(See also: Anzac Day)

 

 

 

 
See the sections below for:

Spirit and legend of Anzac Day

(The Anzac spirit and the Anzac legend refer to the same idea. This reference explains the link between them.)
Anzac spirit
Anzac legend
Spirit and legend: video on cricket match
Spirit and legend: activities
Australian identity and the Anzac spirit
Anzac identity: activities
Negatives of the legend
Legend vs myth
Criticism

Note to previous users:
The content previously called "Background to Anzac Day" has now been spread over two pages:
- "Anzac spirit and legend", the page you are on now (background.htm), and
- "Anzac Day" (anzacday.htm) .
Therefore, some items you accessed before October 2012 on this page may have moved to Anzac Day.
See our other pages for the following topics:

History of Anzac Day
Significance of Anzac Day

Tradition of Anzac Day
Anzac biscuits history
Dates of Anzac Day
● Anzac Day fact sheets
Anzac or ANZAC?
● Anzac
Issues

 

Spirit and legend
Gallipoli campaign (awm.gov.au)
The origin of the Anzac legend and Anzac spirit summed up.
 
 

Anzac spirit

See also

Significance
and
Tradition
 of Anzac Day

Anzac Spirit (Wikipedia)
From the free Wikipedia Encyclopedia, which is written by volunteers.

The Spirit of ANZAC (anzacday.org.au)

The place of the Anzac spirit in the history of Australia and New Zealand.

The Spirit of ANZAC (rsl.org.au)

Gallipoli and the origin of the Anzac spirit.

The ANZAC Spirit
(rslwahq.org.au)
From the Western Australia RSL.

ANZAC Day  (rslwahq.org.au)
From the Western Australia RSL. Especially see:
- The ANZAC Spirit

ANZAC: Where history and spirit meet (shrine.org.au)
See pages 11-13 (Writings about ANZAC and the ANZAC spirit).
See also Teacher's Manual.

● See also
Issues (eg, for negatives of the legend)

 

Anzac legend

See also

Significance
and
Tradition
 of Anzac Day

The Anzac legend (Skwirk.com.au Interactive Schooling)
Covers: What is the legend? How was it created? Why is it important?
(Note that this is a commercial site which requires paid membership for access to illustrations and additional information.) For a dot-point summary, see Gallipoli and the ANZACs Chapter 3: The Anzac legend.

Anzac Day (australia.gov.au,
previously at cultureandrecreation.gov.au)
Scroll down for "The Anzac legend".

Dawn of the Legend (awm.gov.au)
Note the menu at the right.


The Anzac Legends [pdf] (museumvictoria.com.au
)
The beginning of World War 1, Gallipoli, Anzacs at Gallipoli, the Anzac legend, after the war. [Original link http://museumvictoria.com.au/federation/pdfs/anzacw.pdf unavailable, 10 Oct 2012.]

The First World War and the Anzac Legend [pdf] (originally from cambridge.edu.au)
Sample pages from a commercially available book for secondary students, Analysing Australian History by Ken Webb (Cambridge web page). The chapter includes Gallipoli, What is the 'Anzac legend'?, What happened on the Western Front?
Original url: http://www.cambridge.edu.au/education/resource/sample_1_730549.pdf

 

Spirit and legend: video
Cricketing greats soak up the Anzac spirit (abc.net.au)
A video to watch. Former Australian Test cricket captains Steve Waugh and Ricky Ponting and current captain Michael Clarke disclose their feelings and views about the Anzac spirit. The comments in the video are prompted by the team's 2001 visit to Gallipoli to pose for a photograph of a cricket match at the same place as one taken of Gallipoli soldiers playing cricket in 1915.
 
Gallipoli soldiers playing cricket, 1915 Australian cricket team posing for a cricket match photo at Gallipoli, 2001
The Australian cricket team (right) posed in the same spot as the Gallipoli soldiers played cricket in 1915 (left) in a tactic to mislead the Turks

The video is also accessible through the Cricket at Gallipoli web page of the Cricket Australia website. 

 
Spirit and legend activities
Anzac legend sample essay activity [pdf] (http://www.macmillan.com.au)
Activity using a sample essay to answer the question "Explain how and why the Anzac legend was created."
Scroll to the five pages beginning with question 6. From Australia and World War 1, published by Macmillan.

Investigating the Spirit of ANZAC: Image & Reality [pdf] (anzacday.org.au)
Worksheets for students on the Anzac spirit, with a focus on Simpson and his donkeys. More information.

Gallipoli in a Nation's Remembrance [pdf] (anzacday.org.au)
See pages 6-18. An article by Les Carlyon, along with nine questions for students to answer.

Anzac spirit word search (anzacwebsites.com)
Word find on the Anzac spirit (printable and online versions).
 
 
 

 

Australian identity (and the Anzac spirit)
Despatches from Gallipoli: Australian Identity (nla.gov.au)
Click on AUSTRALIAN IDENTITY at the top or the links at the bottom of the screen.
[As this nla.gov.au page is part of a National Library of Australia archived site, some of the links on that page might no longer be working.]

Mateship, diggers and wartime (australia.gov.au, previously at cultureandrecreation.gov.au)

National Identity (awm.gov.au)

Australia was without the usual nationally recognised symbols of a country at the time of Federation.

The Anzac spirit and national identity (en.wikipedia.org)
Provides several quotes on the link between the Anzac spirit and national identity.

Mateship: The heart of the Anzac spirit (From diggerhistory.info, archived by the NLA's Pandora Archive on 6 Mar 2010. See also our "Where is Digger History?" page.)
Includes a photo of a soldier carrying a wounded comrade, said to be typifying the Anzac spirit. Also includes an acrostic called "Bravo Anzacs!" on a postcard titled "A Gallipoli Souvenir".

Discipline in the AIF in WW1 (From diggerhistory.info, archived by the NLA's Pandora Archive on 6 Mar 2010. See also our "Where is Digger History?" page.)
Warning: The language includes swear words modified by asterisks.
 

 

Australian identity: activities Gallipoli and Australian Identity: 1915-2000 [pdf file]
Student activity booklet to download. See Section 2 (pages 10-15.)
Negatives of the legend Negatives of the Anzac legend (Skwirk.com.au Interactive Schooling)
Covers: the immediate impact, repercussions for society today.
(Note that this is a commercial site which requires paid membership for access to illustrations and additional information.) For a dot-point summary, see Gallipoli and the ANZACs Chapter 4: Negatives of the legend.

See also Negative side of the legend. Is it a myth on our Issues page.
 

Legend vs myth Gallipoli - legend versus myth
For a list of references on this topic, see the Parliamentary Library's Gallipoli (scroll down to the sub-heading Gallipoli - legend versus myth). (However, the links themselves generally lead to information about publications rather than the publications themselves.)
(If the web page is unavailable, you can find the information in the archived pdf file: Anzac Day Kit [pdf, 3.9MB].)

 

FOR SENIOR STUDENTS
Criticism
The Anzac Spirit: Criticism (en.wikipedia.org)
Some people oppose support of the Anzac spirit and recognition of the legend.
Curriculum: Anzac legend World War 1: Anzac legend [pdf] (qcaa.qld.edu.au)
Australian Curriculum Year 9 History Sample Assessment from the Queensland Studies Authority. Includes curriculum details, suggested assessment questions and methods, student booklet, suggested activities, and a model essay.
   ● See also: Anzac spirit printable and interactive wordsearches

 ● For Anzac Day Requiem, see Ceremonies

See also:

Anzac Day
News images

Gallipoli photographs
Gallipoli films
Slideshow videos
Maps
Shipwrecks
Books
Issues

Anzac or ANZAC?

Slouch hat
Anzac Day Clash (Anzac Day football match between Collingwood and Essendon)

 

 

 

 

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