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Anzac Websites
Aboriginal women in wartime
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and war




  Aboriginal and Torrers Strait Islander people are advised that this page contains images of people who have died.
Our 12 WOMEN AND WAR pages
Arrow bullet WOMEN: MAIN PAGE   Arrow bullet Speeches   Arrow bullet Books   Arrow bullet Student activities
AUST WOMEN:   Arrow bullet In WW1   Arrow bullet Profiles   Arrow bullet And Gallipoli   Arrow bullet Aboriginal women
NZ WOMEN:   Arrow bullet In WW1   Arrow bullet Profiles   Arrow bullet And Gallipoli   Arrow bullet Maori women

Aboriginal women in WW1

Aboriginal women on the home front: World War One (
Women of all kinds had to cope with inconveniences during World War 1 but Indigenous women in particular suffrered from even greater restrictions.


WW1's only identified Indigenous woman, Marion Leane Smith (
Marion Leane Smith (Image: SBS)
Dharug woman Marion Leane Smith was the only "identified" Aboriginal Australian woman to have served in World War 1 - but she had grown up in Canada and trained as a nurse in the United States. She did her war service as a nurse in France, Italy and the United Kingdom.

See also:

An Indigenous nurse in World War One: Marion Leane Smith by Philippa Scarlett,, 30 Oct 2013

The fascinating life of WWI's only serving Indigenous Australian woman, Marion Leane Smith (


Aboriginal women in WW2 Indigenous defence service (
Scroll about two-thirds of the way down to the sub-heading "Women" for some general information on the role of Aboriginal and Islander women and a reference to the work of Oodgeroo Noonuccal (Kath Walker).

Aboriginal women and girls knitting for the war effort, 1941 (
Coomeroogunga women and girls (Image: AWM)
Information about a photograph of women and girl knitters at the Cumeroogunga Reserve (NSW) in 1941, making socks, jumpers and balaclavas for the war effort

A Civics and Citizenship ( page Contains suggestions on how teachers can use this image in the classsroom.

oodgeroonoonuccal-kathwalkerFighters from the fringe (
Poet Oodgeroo Noonuccal, also known as Kath Walker, joined the Australian Women's Army Service in World War 2.

Aboriginal women in WW1 and WW2 Indigenous women at war (
Presents details of some relevant books, links to interviews, and images.


Anzac Kids


MORE... See also:


Women in wartime

Australian women in WW1

Australian women in WW1: profiles

Australian women and Gallipoli

New Zealand women in WW1

New Zealand women in WW1: profiles

New Zealand women and Gallipoli

Maori in WW1

Maori women in WW1

Pacific Islanders in WW1

Activities for students: women in war

Speeches: women and war

Books about women in wartime






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